VOLUME 6 NO. 2                                                                   April-June 2006

UNIVERSITIES

ACHARYA N.G. RANGA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD

Release of 26 new varieties or hybrids
The State Seed Subcommittee under the Chairmanship of Principal Secretary (Agriculture), Government of Andhra Pradesh released on 2 June 2006 another set of 26 new improved varieties or hybrids of crops developed by the university, thus bringing their total number to 328. These include four in rice, one in ragi, six in pulses, three in oilseeds, five in commercial crops, two in spices, four in vegetables and one in fruit crops.

The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Y.S. Rajasekhar Reddy, formally distributed newly released varieties and hybrids to the farmers, at a function organized on 7 June 2006 at A.P. Secretariat, Hyderabad. He also released a brochure Crop Varieties Released, depicting their salient features. The improved varieties will not only enhance the productivity but would also sustain the production with limited cost of production. The State Government allocated Rs 20 crores to the Department of Agriculture for further multiplication of these new varieties under Seed Village Programme.

Salient features of released varieties and hybrids Rice

  1. InDr.a (MTU 1061), having tolerance to brown planthopper, for Godavari delta.

  2. Warangal Sannalu (WGL 32100), a fine-grain, high-yielding and best-quality variety with tolerance to salinity.

  3. Pardhiva (NLR 33892), having blast resistance and molagolakulu grain quality that fetches premium price.

  4. Sri Kurma (RGL 2332), suitable for late-planted, tank-fed conditions along with tolerance to gallmidge biotype-4 and blast.

Ragi
Bharati (VR 762), suitable for all ragi-growing areas, with high yield of Dr.y fodder.

Pulses

  1. Blackgram Lam 709 (LBG 709), with bold and shining seed, tolerant to Yellow Mosaic Virus and wilt, suitable for rice fallows and uplands.

  2. Trombay Pesara (TM 96-2), the only variety of greengram resistant to powdery mildew and Corynospora leaf spot.

  3. Redgram Lam 41 (LRG 41), with high tolerance to Helicoverpa and suitable for sole and intercropping in both kharif and rabi.

  4. Redgram Palem Kandhi (TRG 158), high yielding, resistant to Fusarium wilt disease and suitable for southern Telangana and Rayalaseema regions of A.P.

  5. Kabuli chickpea Lam Shanaga (LBeG 7), for increased productivity.

  6. Tirupati Field Bean1 (TFB 11), the first field bean variety from ANGRAU with bushy habit, high yielding, non-season bound and dual purpose (green pod/Dr.y seed or fodder).

Oilseeds

  1. Groundnut Prasuna (TCGS 341), tolerant to Kalahasti malady with rosy testa.

  2. Groundnut Abhaya (Tirupati 25), with Dr.ought tolerance and high water-use efficiency, suitable for both kharif and rabi.

  3. Sesame Hima (JCS 9426), white-seeded, Dr.ought-tolerant with high water-use efficiency, and high yielder with good export potential.

Commercial crops

  1. Lam Cotton Hybrid 7 (NSP HH 7), the first intra-specific, highyielding superior long-staple cotton hybrid with resistance to jassids, suitable for export because of its length and strength.

  2. Cotton variety Sri Nandi (NDLA 2 463), good replacement for desi cotton with its superior performance.

  3. Nandyal Cotton Hybrid 240 (NDLHH 240), with big boll and long staple, suitable for rainfed conditions.

  4. Mesta variety Durga (AHS 69) (AMV 5), with less root content, more fibre tenacity and fineness.

  5. Sugarcane Sarada, the first variety suitable for rainfed situations as well as irrigated conditions, thus stabilizing production.

Spices

  1. Chilli Lam 334 (LCA 334), with high oleoresin, capsanthin and capsaicin contents, high colour retention, suitable for export.

  2. Coriander Sudha (LCC 128), a high-yielding variety, tolerant to powdery mildew with high volatile oil content.

Vegetable crops

  1. Colocasia Bhavapuri (KCS 2), a high-yielding variety with consumer acceptance, suitable for all regions.

  2. Tomato RNTH 1, high yielder with tolerance to late blight.

  3. Melon RNSM 3, high yielding with attractive yellow colour.

  4. Sweet potato RNSP1, high yielder with tubers having excellent market appeal.

Fruit crops

  1. Acid lime Balaji (Tenali clone), the first variety resistant to bacterial canker and having high content of citric acid.

ASSAM AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, JORHAT

Teacher's achievement
Dr. SamarenDr.a Hazarika, Assistant Microbiological, Department of Agricultural Engineering, AAU, Jorhat was awarded Commonwealth Academic Staff Fellowship by the British Government. He successfully completed a Post-Doctorate under Dr. Rob Parkinson, University of Plymouth and Dr. Roland Bol, IGER, the UK.

Student's achievement

Shri Sandeep Kumar, a final year B.Sc. student of College of Veterinary Science, AAU, Khanapara won the first prize in National Essay Writing Competition organized on the occasion of Silver Jubilee Celebrations of College of Veterinary Science, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat. The topic of the essay was 'Challenges and opportunities for the veterinarian in national socio-economic awakening'. The award consisted of a Certificate of merit and a cash prize of Rs 1,500.

 


CCS HARYANA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY,HISAR


DAAD delegation visits CCS HAU

In a bid to further strengthen research and development cooperation between India and Germany, a delegation of German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) visited HAU on 17 February. During the visit they interacted with students and visited various colleges and research farm of the university to take an overview of teaching and research facilities available here.

The delegation included DAAD Director, Mr Ulcrich Podewils and two programme officers, Mr Apoorv MahenDr.u and Ms Aditi Gosavi. While having interactions with varsity students, Mr Podewils and Mr MahenDr.u guided them on educational opportunities and fellowship programmes available for pursuing higher education and research pursuits in Germany. They also highlighted the role of DAAD in promoting opportunities for scientific exchange between India and Germany through education courses that German universities offer and financial support programmes available over there.

Dr. BALASAHEB SAWANT KONKAN KRISHI VIDYAPEETH, DAPOLI

26th Convention
The 26th Convention of DBSKKV, Dapoli was held on 25 April 2006. Dr. Mangala Rai, Director-General, ICAR, New Delhi emphasized during his convocation adDr.ess that in the era of globalization, privatization and liberalization, proper planning is needed in the fields of Agricultural Education, Research and Extension Education. As our country has tremendous manpower, bio-diversity, sunlight, land and seashore area, efforts should be made to improve the quality of farm produce by utilizing these resources effectively to enable us to face competition at international level. Hon. Dr. S.S. Magar, VC, presided over the function and Hon. Vijayrao Kolte, Vice-President, MCAER, Pune was the guest of honour. Dr. Bhavarlal Hirala Jain, Jain Industries, Jalgaon was honoured with the award of Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by the university at this occasion.

New hybrid rice SahyaDr.i 4
An early hybrid rice SahyaDr.i 4, maturing in 115 to 120 days, was recommended by Central Variety Release Committee for cultivation in five states, viz. Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Haryana. It grows to 90 to 95 cm, has long slender grain type and yields 5.5 to 6 tonnes /ha at national level, which is 20 to 25 % more than the national average. It is moderately resistant to blast, neck blast, brown spot and tungro virus diseases.

Excellent performance in JRF-2006
Shri Dhondiba Mane, the student of College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, of the university ranked second and Shri Rahul Patil ranked third at national level in JRF examination- 2006. Total 26 students who appeared for the examination successfully passed the test, showing 100% success.

Shri H.D. Venuprasad, a student of College of Agriculture, Dapoli also ranked third at national level, whereas 35 students successfully passed the test. All the 26 students of College of Fisheries, Ratnagiri who appeared for the test also successfully passed the test and six students secured ranks 12, 15, 30, 32, 37 and 43in the merit list. Two students from College of Forestry, Dapoli successfully passed the examination and Shri Ganesh Shelake ranked second at national level.

 

Dr. Y.S. PARMAR UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURE AND FORESTY, NAUNI

VC visits Faisalabad
A team of scientists and officers of the university, led by Dr. Jagmohan Singh, VC, visited Faisalabad, Pakistan (14-16 March 2006) to participate in Centenary Celebrations of University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and also participated in International Congress on Agricultural Sciences.

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU KRISHI VISHWA VIDYALAYA, JABALPUR

Golden Jubilee of College of Agriculture
Established in July 1955 by Pt Shrikant Mishra, the founder Principal, College of Agriculture during its 50 years of its existencehas helped revolutionize the agricultural production in Madhya Pradesh. Development of improved varieties according to the agro- climatic zones of the state, evolution of location-specific cultural practices leading to higher productivity besides imparting employment-oriented quality education with special emphasis on confidence building and entrepreneurial development are the crux of efforts being made by the college. The college has proved its excellence in seed-production programme, integrated pest and disease management, and conservation of horticultural and medicinal plants. The Centre of Advanced Studies in Soil Science has been imparting training to the natural resource-management group of scientists under HRD programme. AdDr.essing the gathering as Chief Guest, Dr. Mangla Rai, Secretary, DARE and DG, ICAR, stressed that the institute should excel in specific fields and should make efforts to be globally competitive.

Vice-President inaugurates Medicinal Plant seminar
His Excellency, the Vice- President of India, Shri Bhairon Singh Shekwat, inaugurated a 2-day seminar on processing, value addition and marketing of medicinal plants in Madhya Pradesh at the university on 25 December 2005. Distinguished guests were H.E. the Governor of Madhya Pradesh, Dr. Balram Jakhar; Chief Minister; Shri Babulal Gaur; Speaker of Vidhan Sabha, Shri Ishwar Das Rohani; Minister for Agriculture, Shri Gopal Bhargava; Minister in-charge Jabalpur, Ch. ChanDr.a Bhan Singh; and Minister of State for Fisheries, Shri Moti Kashyap. Dr. D.P. Singh, VC, welcomed the guests and apprised the progress of the university. AdDr.essing the august gathering, the Vice-President urged that the farmers should be motivated to take up the cultivation of medicinal plants and horticultural crops. He strongly advocated assistance to farmers in post-harvest operations like processing, packaging and marketing of agricultural produce. He called upon the scientists to share information with farmers so that they take up medicinal plant cultivation and meet the demand in the market. He appreciated the on-going research on medicinal and aromatic plants in the university and also visited the medicinal and aromatic plants garden. He also inaugurated a newly constructed hostel for tribal girls studying in the university.

H.E. the Governor, Dr. Balram Jakhar felt the need to strengthen horticulture in the state. He emphasized that in view of the liberalization policy and WTO provisions, there is need for competitiveness in the world market. The nutritional security as well as economic prosperity can be achieved only through horticulture. Chief Minister also supported this view and opined that the state has great potential for development of horticulture.

Low-cost fruitfly trap developed
A low-cost, efficient fruitfly trap was developed and tested at Fruit Research Station, Entkhedi (Bhopal). Farmers can fabricate the trap themselves by using 1 litre mineral water or soft Dr.inks plastic bottle. Remove the bottom, paint the bottle from one side with black paint or dark- coloured washable distemper. Make 1 cm diameter holes 5 cm apart from each other all over the bottle, leaving 6 cm space from the bottom. Fix transparent polythene bag (1 kg size) at the bottom with the help of rubber band or thread. Keep crushed leaves of shyama tulsi (Oscimum sanctum) in pierced polythene and replace it every alternate day, to be used as a male-attractant. Place it inside the bottle from upper side and hang the trap in the orchard in shade, as the flies congregate and take shelter in dense and humid areas of the orchard; then collect the trap catch before 11.00 am everyday. Fortnightly mean trap catches of male fruitfiles were maximum in April-May and minimum in winter (November-December) at o minimum temperature below 14 C. Entkhedi trap can be successfully used throughout the year for monitoring and management of fruitflies in mango and guava orchards.

Earth-heat energy for cooling greenhouses
Earth-heat-energy system f o r c o o l i n g or heating greenhouses or livestock o houses can bring about 5 C change in temperature while saving 20 to 50 % heat energy. The development of cooling technology would permit construction of passive, low- cost solar greenhouses or a n i m a l s h e l t e r s u s i n g appropriate technology option for the hot arid region of the country to improve the agricultural production and economic condition. Equipment to measure soil equipment was fabricated, tested and installed. The data showed that soil temperature becomes constant at 1 to 3 m depth below the soil surface. Studies on phase- o shift pattern indicated 11-16 C difference in temperature (between ambient air temperature and at 1 to 3 m depth below the ground surface) during hot summers and cool winters. This property of earth-heat exchange is being effectively utilized for maintaining temperature of the greenhouses using low-cost technology (PVC pipes and polyhouses).

MAHATMA PHULE KRISHI VIDYAPEETH, RAHURI

Agricultural subject in school education
A high-powered government committee chaired by Dr. R.B. Deshmukh, VC, MPKV, Rahuri submitted a detailed report to Ministry of Education, Government of Maharashtra that agriculture and allied subject should be included in the primary and secondary school curricula in the stat . The measure was being taken to reduce the number of school Dr.op-outs from rural school . If the farmers' chilDr.en can identify themselves with agricultural subjects they are expected to do well in their examinations. The students who go through the basics of theoretical aspects of agriculture will be in a better position to take up higher studies and contribute on the ground level.

Vanmahotsav-2006
Vanmahots a v - 2 0 0 6 , a massive tree-plantation programme was launched by the university on the occasion of the birth anniversary of the late Vasantrao Naik, former Chief Minister of Maharashtra, on 12 July 2006. Shri Vijayanna Borade, Vice- Chairman, Water Conservation Council of Maharashtra State was the Chief Guest and Vice- Chancellor Dr. Rajaram Deshmukh presided over the function. On this occasion 9,148 saplings of 24 species were planted by the university staff and students, and total 1.40 lakh saplings of different species are being planted in the affiliated colleges, Schools of Agriculture, research stations and Central Campus.

Varieties released
At the Joint Agroesco-2006 meeting of all the four agricultural universities of Maharashtra held at DBKKV, Dapoli, six new varieties of different crops and vegetables of MPKV, Rahuri were released by Shri SharadchanDr.aji Pawar, Minister of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.

Rabi sorghum Phule Chitra
The rabi sorghum variety Phule Chitra (SPV 1546) has given 30.4% more yield (21.7 q/ha) over M 34-1, 15.1% over CVS 216 and 22.1% over Phule Maulee under rainfed conditions. Similarly, SPV 1346 (64.24 q/ha) gave 18.6 and 23.6% higher fodder yields than M 35-1 and Phule Maulee respectively in trials. Phule Chitra has high grain and fodder yield potential under rainfed situation, shows tolerance to Dr.ought, shootfly (15.3% dead-hearts) and charcoal roti, and has quality fodder and good roti-making quality. It is proposed to be released for cultivation under rainfed condition for the entire Maharashtra State, especially for medium-type soil.

 

Bajra hybrid Shanti
The bajra hybrid Shanti (RHRBH 9808) has given grain yield of 30.13 q/ha, which is 16.64
% more than of Shraddha and 10.56% more than of Saburi. It is resistant to powdery mildew disease and has good roti-making quality. It has uniform plant height and is mid-ta l l compared with Shraddha and Saburi. Shanti is proposed to be released for cultivation in Maharashtra State for kharif season.

 

Bajra x Napier hybrid Phule Jaywant
Phule Jaywant has high yield potential with average green-forage yield 1,683.61 q/ha/year, has less oxalate content (1.91%), high leaf:stem ratic and no incidence of pests and diseases. It also shows 41% more potential for green-fibre yield (GFY), 43% more for Dr.y-matter yield (DMY) and 42% more for crude-protein yield (CPY). It is proposed to be released for cultivation under irrigated conditions of western Maharashtra.

 

 

Sunflower Bhanu
Bhanu (SS 2038) gives seed yield 1,240 kg/ha, which is 25-30% more than of the variety SS 56 (936 kg/ha), has higher oil content (35.4%), shows tolerance to downy mildew, rust and necrosis diseases, has higher hectolitre weight (40 g/100 ml) ratio and early maturity (585-90 days). It is proposed to be released for cultivation in the sunflower-growing areas of Maharashtra State.

 

 

 

Tomato hybrid Phule Raja
Tomato hybrid Phule Raja (RTH 2) gives significantly highest yield (572 q/ha) over the check Namdhari 2535 (440 q/ha). The fruits are orange red, very stout, attractive with smooth surface, oval-round in shape, medium in size, having thick pericarp and better shelf-life. It also Phule Raja is recommended for release for cultivation in western Maharashtra.

 

Broccoli Ganesh Dhanwantari
Broccoli Ganesh Dhanwantari (GK 2-5) gives significantly highest (66.12 a/ha) yield over the check cultivar KTS 1 (56.11 q/ha). The curds are dark g r e e n , compa c t , dome shaped, big in size and attractive with uniform flower- shows better reaction to major bud maturity. It also shows better reaction to major pests and diseases. Hence GK-2-5 is recommended for release for cultivation in Western Maharashtra, under the name Ganesh Dhanwantari.

 

Award to Dr. Rajaram Deshmukh, VC
Dr. Rajaram Deshmukh, VC, was conferred with the prestigious Vasantrao Naik Agriculture Award - 2006 for his valuable contribution in the field of Agriculture. The award was given by Shri Sharad Pawar, Minister of Agriculture, Government of India, on 1 July 2006. The Vasantrao Naik Agricultural Research and Rural Development Foundation, given by Shri Sharad Pawar, Minister of Agriculture, Government of India, on 1 July 2006. The Vasantrao Naik Agricultural Research and Rural Development Foundation, Mumbai, offers cash prize of Rs 11,000. Dr. Deshmukh made major contributions to pulse crop research, developing 15 improved varieties. He is the recipient of awards such as Colombo Plan, Dorin Mashier and King Bowedoin awards.

Visit abroad
Dr. Rajaram Deshmukh, VC; and Dr. K.D. Kokate, Director of Extension Education, along with 52 progressive farmers of Maharashtra State visited Israel during 6 to 13 May 2006. th The team visited the 16 International Agricultural Exhibition at Tel Aviv, and took interest in technologies for Micro-Irrigation System and Mechanization in Agriculture.

 

MARATHWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY,PARBHANI

Dr. S.T. Borikar on China Visit  
Dr. S.T. Borikar, Director of Research, and Principal Investigator and Country Co-ordinator of the CFC-FAO-ICRISAT research project entitled ‘Enhanced utilization of sorghum and pearlmillet grains in poultry feed industries to improve livelihood of smallscale farmers in Asia’, was invited to attend Annual Work Planning and Steering Committee Meeting held at Sorghum Research Institute, Shenyang, China during 24-29 April 2006.

Control of cotton grey mildew and bacterial blight, and groundnut stem-rot
Pooled results of pathological studies pertaining to cotton and groundnut indicated the efficacy of spraying 0.1% carbendazim at 30, 60 and 90 days after sowing to control grey mildew, Ramularia areola and of cotton-seed treatment with PF-1 (Pseudononas fluorescen) @ 10 g/kg seed + Pf-1 spray (0.2%) three times at 30, 60 and 90 days after sowing to control bacterial blight and Alternaria. Similarly, soil application of Trichoderma viridae @ 2.5 kg in 50 kg FYM before sowing groundnut proved effective in control of stem rot (Sclerotium rolfsii) disease.

Ajanta Sweet Tamarind
The university released Ajanta Sweet Tamarind cultivars for the first time at the state and national levels during recently concluded Joint AGERSCO held from 29 May to 1 June 2006 at DBSKKV, Dapoli. It is a regular bearer with good-quality fruit, suitable for Dr.yland conditions. Dr. S.J.Shinde and Dr. R.M. Kulkarni of Fruit Research Station, Aurangabad took special efforts in developing this variety.

NAVASARI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, NAVASARI

Krushi Mahotsav
Gujarat Government organized an intensive integrated month-long pre- monsoon mega campaign, Krushi Mahotsav, involving 1 lakh government personnel from 15 departments of the State, NGOs, APMCs, Coof operative Societies, Milk Unions, Input-supplying Agencies, Banks and 700 agricultural scientists to cover all the 18,600 villages of the state.The physical targets achieved under different government schemes during this mega event include:

  1. Distribution of Soil Health Cards to 9.52 lakh farmers and Kisan Credit Cards to 1.57 lakh farmers, along with Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal HusbanDr.y and Shramyogi input kits to 90770, 90592, 90533 and 46405 farmers respectively.

  2. Excavation of 31,000 farm ponds and 2,973 village ponds.
  3. Construction of 21,316 boribandhs and 8,494 check dams.
  4. Formation of 6,78 Milk Co-operative and 4,78 Credit Co-operative Societies.
  5. Vaccination of 43.85 lakh animals.
  6. Clearance of 22,374 applications for subsidy on Dr.ip irrigation. The feedback received by the government departments and the SAUs during this joint campaign will enable them to make their schemes or research programmes need based.

Identification of forage sorghum SRF 286 at national level
The forage sorghum (single-cut) variety SRF 286 developed at Main Sorghum Research Station, NAU, Athwa Farm, Surat has been recently identified in the Varietal Identification Committee Meeting th held at MAU, Parbhani at the 36 Annual Group Meeting during 11 to 13 May 2006. SRF 286 was identified at national level for its high green-fodder yield (378.4 q/ha), Dr.y-fodder yield (113.8 q/ha), green-fodder yield/day (4.90 q/ha) and Dr.y-fodder yield/day (1.45 q/ha) as well aslow HCN content (69 ppm) with good seed-production potential.

PUNJAB AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, LUDHIANA

Tenth convocation
The PAU has submitted a plan on 'Basic and strategic research in agriculture' to the ICAR, with details of spending Rs100 crores by the university. The grant was announced by the Union Finance Minister in his budget speech (2006-07) to parliament on 28 February 2005.

The road-map envisages setting up of six centres of excellence and lays stress on three key areas of research, which are:

  1. Strengthening of Integrated Pest management,

  2. Multi-location Testing and Region-specific Research, and

  3. Intellectual Property Rights, Market Intelligence Cell and Technology Impact Analysis.

The proposed six centres of excellence are in Crop Biotechnology and Improvement, Farm Animal Biotechnology, Food Processing and Value Addition, Natural Resources Management, Bio-energy, and Farm Power and Machinery.

Soil scientist gets ICAR National Professorship
A Senior Soil Chemist, Dr. Bijay Singh, was selected as ICAR National Professor. Dr. Singh will work on plant need-based nitrogen management in rice and wheat. Dr. Singh has made outstanding contributions leading to better understanding of integrated nutrient management in rice-wheat cropping system. He has also done pioneering research on nitrate pollution of ground-water in Punjab. His recent work on need-based fertilizer application to rice, using leaf-colour chart is a landmark development. It is becoming popular with the farmers, as it provides a breakthrough in economizing fertilizer nitrogen usage.

Dr. Bijay Singh is a recipient of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Memorial Prize of ICAR (1995), FAI Silver Jubilee Award of Excellence (1984 and 2001), and Recognition Award of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (2000). He is fellow of Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Indian Society of Soil Science.

MoU with two US universities
The PAU signed agreements of co-operation with two American universities, viz. California, Davis and Florida, to enhance academic interchange and to further the development of basic scientific and technological research and faculty-student exchange programmes.

The agreement of co-operation between PAU and University of California was signed by the VC Dr. K.S. Aulakh and Chancellor Dr. Larry N. Vanderhoef. This is for a period of 3 years. The MoU between PAU and University of Florida was signed by Director Research, B.S. Bernard Machen. This agreement terminates on 30 June 2009.

RAJASTHAN AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, BIKANER

Dialogue on water policy
A Dialogue on Water Policy was organized under the aegis of Urmul Trust, UNICEF and RAU, Bikaner during 15-16 May 2006 at Academic Staff College, Bikaner. Prof. Parmatma Singh, VC, chaired the inaugural function. The key speaker Dr. M.S. Rathore, Senior HyDr.ologist from IDS, Jaipur made a database presentation on the past and proposed water policy of Rajasthan. He apprised the audience with technical and ethical, ecological and legal aspects of water policy for the state. Shri Subhu Patwa, journalist and Chairman of Adult Education Samiti, Bikaner underlined the importance of participation of the people from grass-root level in the formulation of water policy.

During the dialogue, delegates from NGOs, farmers'/ representatives of government and agricultural university participated in the brain-storming session, whose important recommendations are given below.

  1. Water policy should be in accordance with the specific agro- climatic conditions of Rajasthan, mainly for water-limiting situation.
  2. Effort should be initiated for maintenance, renovation and construction of traditional water- harvesting system.
  3. Water policy should be in resonance with policy concerning energy, development, industry, irrigation, agriculture, health and living.
  4. Special attention should be given to depleting levels of groundwater.
  5. There should be a balance between traditional and modern wisdom. The laws concerning the ownership of water should be understood in their correct perspective and legalities should be simplified. Shri Manik Chand Surana, Chairman, Rajasthan State Finance Commission and Shri Devi Singh Bhati, MLA participated in the dialogue.

SARDAR VALLABH BHAI PATEL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY, MEERUT

Mango Festival 2006
A state-level Mango Festival was organized at the university during 5-6 July 2006 in collaboration with National Horticulture Board, Gurgaon. In this festival, mango show was organized by inviting entries of fresh mangoes, processed products and packaging containers both from growers and government organizations. In total, 450 entries under different categories were registered and judged by a group of experts and accordingly awards were given. Among fresh mango fruits, the entry by Shri Nanak Chand S/o Shri Nathu Singh, village Nek, dist. Meerut was selected as champion of the show. The festival was inaugurated by Prof. M.P. Yadav, VC. A Kisan Goshthi was also organized on this occasion in the form of farmers-scientists interaction on various aspects of mango cultivation, co-ordinated by Dr. S.C. Sirohi, Professor and Head (Horticulture). The festival not only helped promote mango orcharding in the locality but also displayed mango diversity available in western Uttar Pradesh.

Vallabh Basmati 21
The rice variety Vallabh Basmati 21 (MAUB 21) developed by the university was evaluated in AICRP trials and standard varietal trials at Regional Agricultural Testing and Demonstration Centres of Uttar Pradesh for 3 years. It yielded 43.1 q/ha, and proved superior to popular varieties Pusa Basmati 1 and Tarori Basmati by 13.40 and 27.43% respectively, as well as in having longer kernel length (7.04 mm, which was 13.2 mm after cooking). Vallabh Basmati 21 expressed all quality traits or parameters accepted for basmati rice in the global trade. It had 66.2% milling and 51.0% head-rice recovery. Grain chalkiness was absent. It also had excellent aroma and palatability. The variety got overall acceptability rating on account of its appearance, cohesiveness, tenderness on touching and chewing, aroma, taste, elongation and flaky texture on cooking in the panel-test scores.

Paper at international wheat conference
Dr. Sundeep Kumar, Assistant Professor of Biotechnology, SDVBPU, Meerut presented his scientific contribution 'Inheritance and allelic relationship of resistance genes to spot blotch of wheat th caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana' at 7 International Wheat Conference in the session on 'Breeding for resistance to biotic stress' at Mar del Plat, Argentina held from 27 November to 2 December 2005. Spot blotch is a disease of increasing concern in South Asia and Latin American countries, causing 20 to 80% yield losses, particularly in the areas where warm humid conditions persist during wheat- cropping season. This work will enrich the knowledge level of different wheat workers engaged in breeding for spot blotch resistance and will definitely support Indian farmers especially of NEPZ and NWPZ, which are under serious threat of this disease.

SHER-E-KASHMIR UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SRINAGER

One-day workshop on bee-keeping
During the workshop officers of Department of Agriculture, Scientists of the university and a large number of bee-keepers of the Valley participated.

 

UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE, DHARWAD

Prof. Naik visits Canada to attend international meeting
Dr. M.K. Naik, Professor and Head, Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, UAS, Raichur (Karnataka), attended a joint meeting on 'Biological interactions and biological cross-roads', held at Quebec city (Canada) during 29 July- 2 August 2006. It was organized by American Phytopathological Society, Canadian Phytopathological Society and Mycological Society of America. Dr. Naik made an oral presentation on 'Variability in Rhizoctonia solani, the fungus that causes sheath blight of rice'. The was attending by over 2,000 scientists with 500 oral presentations and 800 poster presentations.

Dr. M.K. Naik has been nominated on Editorial Board of Indian Phytopathology, the journal of Phytopathological Society, IARI, New Delhi for the period 2006 to 2008.

Visit of Sudan’s Agriculture Minister
The role of PAU in Green Revolution attracted a highlevel five-member delegation from Sudan on fact-finding mission. The delegation led by Shri Mohamman Alameen Kabbashi Eisa, Minister for Agriculture and Forestry, Government of Sudan, visited PAU on 4 June 2006 and met VC Dr. K.S. Aulakh as well as other senior scientists and officers of the university.

The mission of the delegation was to know how the Green Revolution in Punjab has changed India from a food-deficit state to a surplus state. They were here to know the secret of this success and also how the university can help them improve their agriculture. Since Punjab and Sudan have similar topography and crops (wheat and sorghum), the Sudan government is keen to know how the success of Punjab can be replicated in Sudan.

Apprising the visitors of the factors that contributed towards Green Revolution, the VC informed that consolidation of land holdings, mechanization of farming and providing right inputs in terms of improved seed and their production technology were the major elements. Besides, a strong university-farmers linkage too played a key role. But the major credit goes to the hard-working Punjab farmers. Over the years the university has developed great rapport with farmers. More than 1.2 lakh farmers visit the university at Kisan Melas every year during March and September to get seeds of new varieties and new knowledge on farm front. The VC promised every help to the visiting Minister and agreed on signing MoU with his government.